Organs and cells that make up your immune system are intend to defend your body against viruses, bacteria, parasites, and cancerous cells. When your immune system unintentionally attacks your body rather than defending it, it develops an autoimmune illness. It is unclear why your immune system is able to do this. There are around one hundred recognised autoimmune disease.
Several different tissue types and almost every organ in your body are susceptible to autoimmune disorders. Many symptoms, including as discomfort, exhaustion, rashes, nausea, migraines, dizziness, and more, may be brought on by them. The precise ailment determines the specific symptoms.
How do autoimmune illnesses function?
Experts don’t know why your immune system turns against you.. It’s as if it is unable to distinguish between what is you and what an intruder is, between what is healthy and what is not. Although there are a few possibilities, researchers aren’t quite certain why this occurs.
How widespread is the illnesses?
Women are more likely than males to suffer from several autoimmune illnesses. The ailments are widespread. In the United States, autoimmune diseases affect 1 in 15 persons. In the US, 1.4 million individuals have Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, while one million people have lupus.
Common Signs of Autoimmune Disease
Although while autoimmune diseases come in many different forms, many of them have comparable symptoms. typical signs of autoimmune diseases includes:
- Joint pain and stiffness
- Skin concerns
- Stomach discomfort or digestive problems
- Recurring fever
- Swollen glands
7 Common Autoimmune Diseases
Rheumatoid arthritis: Antibodies that the immune system makes stick to joint linings. Then, immune system cells assault the joints, resulting in pain, swelling, and inflammation. If left untreated, rheumatoid arthritis eventually destroys the joints.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus): Autoimmune antibodies that are produce by lupus sufferers are capable of adhering to human tissues all throughout. With lupus, the joints, lungs, blood cells, nerves, and kidneys are frequently impact.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBD): Apart from bouts of diarrhoea, rectal bleeding, need for urgent bowel movements, stomach discomfort, fever, and weight loss, the immune system also targets the lining of the intestines.
Numerous sclerosis (MS): Pain, blindness, weakness, clumsiness, and muscular spasms can all be signs that the immune system is attacking nerve cells.
Diabetes type 1 (sugar): Insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are attack and destroyed by immune system antibodies. People with type 1 diabetes need insulin shots to survive at the time of diagnosis. Find out what signs to watch for in type 1 diabetes.
Graves’ illness: The thyroid gland is stimulate by immune system antibodies to release excessive quantities of thyroid hormone into the blood (hyperthyroidism). Bulging eyes, as well as uneasiness, irritability, a quick heartbeat, weakness, and brittle hair, are signs of Graves’ illness.
Vasculitis: In these autoimmune illnesses, the immune system targets and damages blood vessels. Vasculitis symptoms can appear practically everywhere in the body and vary considerably depending on which organ is affected.
An autoimmune condition may make daily life challenging. There are numerous complicated and hazardous diseases, such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis.. These illnesses have no known treatments, but many of their symptoms may be manage, and they occasionally enter remission. Keep your doctor inform of any improvements in the knowledge and management of autoimmune illnesses.