Cannabis Use Disorder – Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment

Cannabis Use Disorder

Cannabis Use Disorder

The plant cannabis is the source of the drug cannabis, commonly referred to as marijuana. It serves both therapeutic and leisure needs. The brain’s functioning has been demonstrated to change with prolonged cannabis usage. Cannabis addiction is another name for cannabis use disorder.

It indicates that even in the face of issues or negative effects, the addicted individual will keep using cannabis. When someone has cannabis dependency disorder, they have a number of issues. Also, find it difficult to resist the urge to use cannabis while knowing that it has harmful consequences on their body and mind.

Symptoms

Cannabis use may lead to mental health issues or diseases. Among them are:

  • Changes in mood
  • Attacks of panic
  • Diseases of the personality
  • Depression
  • Uncertainty
  • Also, dysphoria
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Appetite loss and eating disorders

Causes of Cannabis Use Disorder

This Disorder has several causes:

  • Long-term cannabis usage is the main factor contributing to this illness.
  • Gradually consuming more cannabis in greater amounts.
  • Also, family relatives or associates with a history of cannabis abuse.
  • Insufficient assistance at stressful moments.
  • Given that some evidence indicates a hereditary predisposition to drug misuse, genetic factors may play a role.

Diagnosis

It is impossible to diagnose oneself correctly. A mental health or medical expert must make the diagnosis. As per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), the following criteria are applicable:

  • Recent or ongoing cannabis (marijuana) usage
  • Behavior changes that occur after taking the medication and are clinically meaningful

Emergence of two or more of the following symptoms within two hours of cannabis use:

  • Dry mouth
  • Higher appetite
  • Itchy conjunctiva in the eyes
  • Also, tachycardia
  • High heart rate

Treatment for Cannabis Use Disorder

Therapy is the primary component of both cannabis dependence and cannabis use disorder treatment. There are currently no drugs that have been shown to be effective in reducing cravings.

Therapeutic Approaches

Contingency Management

This is the period of time when an individual is observed for their actions and given rewards for good behavior. The award is refunded if drug usage is detected.

Motivational Enhancement Therapy

This therapy focuses on the patient’s mental state. This increases inspiration and makes a bigger contribution to the treatment of cannabis use disorder. Also, it’s meant to yield results quickly.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Instead of utilizing marijuana as an escape or a coping mechanism for their difficulties, the afflicted person learns new coping mechanisms for negative feelings. Also, a person learns how to replace them with good ones through cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Medications

Medication is not an option for treating cannabis use disorder. The only purpose of medication is to lessen the severity of withdrawal symptoms.

When to Consult a Physician

To avoid the harmful effects of a cannabis use disorder, an individual who develops an addiction to cannabis should seek advice from a medical practitioner. Also, he treats their cannabis use disorder and controls it in its early stages. If someone notices that their drug use is increasing, they need to consult a specialist.

And they are unable to control their want to take the substance. If action is not taken, the changes the body exhibits in relation to cannabis usage are indicators. Thus, this substance is becoming accustomed to the body & that dependence will develop. If the person is able to quit using drugs but is having unpleasant withdrawal symptoms from Cannabis Disorder, they should also contact a specialist.