Celiac Disease – Symptoms and Treatment

Celiac Disease

Eating gluten, a protein present in wheat and other grains can lead to digestive issues if you have celiac disease. However, it’s more severe than a typical food intolerance. Your immune system targets gluten in your small intestine when you have celiac disease. It harms and impairs the appropriate function of your small intestine due to the attack.

Celiac Disease

An abnormal immune response to gluten is the cause of the intestinal illness known as celiac disease. Another name for it is:

  • Sprues
  • Sprains that are not tropical
  • Gluten-sensitive enteropathy

Foods produced from wheat, barley, rye, and triticale include the protein gluten. Even certain vitamins, medications, and cosmetics contain gluten. Gluten sensitivity in non-celiac individuals can range from low to moderate. Some people suffer from the autoimmune condition celiac disease.

The immune system’s reaction to gluten in celiac disease results in poisons that kill the villi. In the small intestine, villi are microscopic projections that resemble fingers. Damage to the villi prevents the body from absorbing nutrients from meals. Malnutrition and other severe health issues, such as irreversible intestinal damage, may result from this.

Symptoms

Although they can potentially affect other areas of the body, celiac disease symptoms often affect the intestines and digestive tract. Adults and children often present with distinct sets of symptoms.

Children’s Symptoms of Celiac Disease

Kids who have celiac disease may experience fatigue and anxiety. They could also have delayed puberty and be smaller than average. Additional typical symptoms consist of:

  • Reduction in weight
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Pain in abdomen
  • Ongoing constipation or diarrhoea
  • Greasy, colorless, and odorous stools

Celiac Disease Symptoms in Adults

Digestion is a possible symptom for adults with celiac disease. However, symptoms typically impact other bodily parts as well. These signs might consist of:

  • Anemia
  • Stiffness and discomfort in the joints
  • Fragile, feeble bones
  • Exhaustion
  • Also, seizures
  • Skin conditions
  • Hands and feet numbness and tingling
  • Tooth discoloration or enamel erosion
  • Pale lesions inside the lips
  • Irregular cycles of menstruation
  • Also, miscarriage and infertility
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis

It is significant to remember that symptoms might differ from person to person depending on a number of variables such as

  • How long a person was breastfed
  • The age at which a person begins consuming gluten
  • Also, the quantity of gluten a person consumes
  • The degree of intestinal injury

There are some celiac disease patients who show no symptoms. They could, nonetheless, continue to have long-term effects from their illness.

Treatment for Celiac Disease

Eliminating gluten is the first and most crucial step in the treatment of celiac disease. Although you cannot alter how your body responds to gluten, you can stop gluten from causing that response. Your small intestine will start to recover when you stop consuming gluten.

Also, you will soon be able to absorb nutrients once more. But in order to prevent damaging your small intestine once more, you must follow a rigorous gluten-free diet for the rest of your life. Further medical care might consist of:

  • Nutritional supplements to make up for any significant shortages.
  • Also, some drugs treat dermatitis herpetiformis.
  • Corticosteroids in cases of severe inflammation if the diet is not having a desirable effect quickly enough.
  • Ongoing monitoring, including routine testing to ensure the condition is under control.

How much time does it take for the therapy to start working?

Most patients who start a gluten-free diet report that their symptoms start to get better nearly right away. Replacing your dietary deficits might take a few weeks. Also, healing your stomach completely can take many months.

Depending on the severity of the damage and how long it has been occurring, it may take longer in some circumstances. If you follow a loose diet, you may also hinder your body’s ability to recover.

The Bottom Line

A diagnosis of celiac disease will permanently alter your diet and way of life. Additionally, it will raise your standard of living. You were most likely consuming gluten prior to the diagnosis. This causes your small intestine to gradually deteriorate. For years, you could have had unusual and uncomfortable symptoms without understanding why. Furthermore, you now have the ability to recover your health.