Cervical Cancer – Symptoms, Stages, & Treatment

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Cancer of the cells lining the cervix is cervical cancer. The most crucial actions you can take to avoid cervical cancer are to have regular gynecological checks, have Pap tests. The three basic therapies for cervical cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

Cervical Cancer

Cancer of the cervix, often known as cervical cancer, starts on the surface of the cervix. It occurs when precancerous cells start to emerge from the cells on your cervix. While treating precancerous cells before they transform is essential to avoiding cervical cancer, not all of these cells will progress to cancer.


As signs of cervical cancer typically don’t appear until the disease progresses, many women with the condition are unaware that it exists at all.

When symptoms do arise, they are frequently misdiagnosed as common ailments including urinary tract infections (UTIs) and menstrual cycles. Typical signs include:

  • Irregular bleeding, such as after menopause or in between periods
  • Vaginal discharge that is unusual in appearance or odor
  • Pelvic ache
  • Having more frequent urination needs
  • Discomfort when urinating
  • See your doctor for a checkup if you have any of these symptoms.

Stages of Cervical Cancer

  • Stage I: Only the cervix may contain cancer. It’s little and do not spread.
  • Stage II: The tissues lining the area of your body between your hips is the pelvic wall. Your vagina has not yet been affected by cancer. But it has progressed past your cervix and uterus.
  • Stage III: There is cancer present in the lower region of your vagina. It may have spread to your pelvic wall, ureters (tubes that carry urine) and nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage IV: Your rectum, bladder, or other bodily components including your bones or lungs have been affected by cancer.


If early detection of cervical cancer, it is a highly curable condition. To increase their efficacy, there is mixture of therapies.


To eliminate as much of the malignancy as possible is the goal of surgery. On occasion, the surgeon may choose to remove only the cancerous tissue from the cervix. Furthermore, surgery may include removing the cervix and other pelvic organs in cases of more advanced malignancy.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation uses high-energy X-ray beams to destroy cancer cells. It might be given externally using a machine. It can also be administered intraperitoneally (IV) using a metal tube placed into the vagina or uterus.


Chemotherapy kills cancer cells all across the body using medication. Physicians provide this therapy in cycles. You will receive chemotherapy for a while. After that, you will discontinue the therapy to allow your body to heal.

Targeted therapy

A more recent medication functions differently from radiation and chemotherapy. It prevents the development of new blood vessels. Thus, this aids in the cancer’s growth and survival.


Using medication to boost your immune system’s ability to destroy cancer cells is immunotherapy. By targeting bacteria and other cells that should not be in your body, your immune system fights against illnesses.

The way cancer cells persist is by avoiding the immune system. Immunotherapy supports the immune system’s capacity to recognize and remove cells that are cancerous. When existing therapies for cervical cancer are failing and there is advancement in the disease, consider immunotherapy.

You can receive treatment if your doctor finds precancerous cells in your cervix. Furthermore, check whether strategies prevent these cells from developing into cancer.


Receiving a cancer diagnosis is scary and frightening. Also, make sure you understand your diagnosis and treatment plan by talking through any questions or concerns you may have with your healthcare provider. Moreover, having your loved ones around to support you could make this easier for you to handle.

To recognize and cure this horrible illness, it is essential to recognize abnormal cells in your cervix as soon as possible. By making an appointment for routine gynecological tests, you can lower your chance of developing cervical cancer.