Colorectal Cancer (Colon Cancer)

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal Cancer (Colon cancer) develops from polyps (growths) in the inner lining of your colon. Medical practitioners have access to screening procedures and treatments that can detect and remove malignant polyps. If colon cancer is not treated, it may spread to other body parts. These diagnostics, early diagnosis, and novel forms of therapy are reducing the number of deaths from Colorectal Cancer.

Who is impacted by Colorectal Cancer?

The third most frequent cancer among Americans is colon cancer. Men and those who were assign male at birth (AMAB) are somewhat more likely than women and those who were assigned female at birth (AFAB) to get colon cancer, according to the U.S. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Black people are more likely than members of other races to develop Colorectal Cancer.

People of age group 50 and older are often affected by Colorectal Cancer. But over the past 15 years, the number of patients with colon cancer in the age range of 20 to 49 has risen by roughly 1.5% per year. Medical experts are unsure of why this is taking place.

What are the causes of colon cancer?

Colorectal Cancer develops when cells grow and divide uncontrolled, just like all other types of cancer. Your body’s cells are all constantly dividing, growing, and dying. Your body maintains its health and functionality in this manner. When you have colon cancer, the cells that line your colon and rectum continue to grow and divide even though they should be dying. These malignant cells could have originated from colon polyps.

Why some people develop precancerous colon polyps that progress into colon cancer is a mystery to medical researchers. They are aware that several risk factors raise a person’s risk of acquiring Colorectal Cancer and precancerous polyps.

These risk factors include some medical conditions, such as genetic disorders, and lifestyle choices. Having one or more risk factors alone does not ensure that you will develop colon cancer. It just indicates that your risk is higher. Your decision to consult a healthcare professional about your risk of developing Colorectal Cancer may be influenced by your understanding of risk factors.

How are Colorectal Cancer diagnoses made by medical professionals?

Numerous tests are use by medical professionals to identify colon cancer. These tests consist of:

  • (CBC) Complete blood count
  • CMP, or comprehensive metabolic panel
  • Cancer cells and healthy cells both release carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) into the circulation. Colorectal Cancer may be indicate by high CEA values.
  • X-rays.
  • CT scan for computed tomography.
  • scan using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • PET scan, or positron emission tomography.
  • Ultrasound.
  • Biopsy.

Can colon cancer be prevented?

Colorectal Cancer may not be preventable, however, by controlling risk factors, you can lessen your chance of getting the disease:

  • Don’t smoke. Speak to a healthcare professional about smoking cessation programmes if you smoke and need assistance quitting.
  • When consuming alcoholic beverages, exercise in moderation.
  • keep a healthy weight.
  • Adopt a balanced diet. Reduce your intake of processed foods, high-fat, high-calorie items, and red meat while increasing your intake of fruits and vegetables. Coffee use may reduce the risk of Colorectal Cancer.
  • Keep a record of the medical history in your family. Cancer of the colon can run in families. Inform your doctor if any of your immediate family members developed cancer before the age of 45, including your biological parents, siblings, children, or anyone who has Colorectal Cancer or an advanced polyp.
  • Observe the guidelines for colon cancer screening. When ought one to undergo Colorectal Cancer screening? Ask your doctor. Your doctor might advise you to begin screening earlier than age 45 if you have persistently irritable bowel syndrome or a family history of Colorectal Cancer.


Healthcare professionals are now better equipment to detect and treat Colorectal Cancer before it spreads and causes symptoms because more patients are scheduling colon cancer screenings. More than 90% of those treated for early-stage Colorectal Cancer were still living five years after diagnosis, according to recent data on survival rates. Newer cancer-focused medicines help people with Colorectal Cancer as well. Ask your doctor whether any newer treatments might be suitable for you if you have Colorectal Cancer.