Nutritional management of diabetes requires sticking to a healthy food plan. There are certainly a lot of diet options available that tell you what to eat to control your blood sugar. The DASH diet, long hailed for its advantages in decreasing high blood pressure, is also a top option in diabetes management and one that’s simple to start, unlike fad diets that are frequently difficult to keep. Let’s examine what makes it unique.
Diabetes Nutrition and DASH
DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. Lowering blood pressure is its main goal. High blood pressure and diabetes frequently coexist: According to studies published in Diabetes Spectrum, hypertension affects more than half of all persons with diabetes. So addition to decreasing blood pressure, the DASH diet may help reduce insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, and obesity, according to the journal. The diet is effective for persons with prediabetes, type 1 and type 2 diabetes due to its effects on weight, insulin sensitivity, and glycemic management. According to the Diabetes Spectrum study, a healthy diet may reduce type 2 diabetes risk in the future by 20%.
Additional studies in Diabetes Management have revealed that this diet helped children with Type 1 diabetes better control their blood glucose levels and reduce episodes of hyperglycemia (excess blood glucose). As you are aware, controlling blood glucose levels is crucial to managing diabetes, preventing diabetes-related damage, and safeguarding your heart.
What to eat on the DASH diet?
The DASH diet is a versatile and healthy dietary strategy. The diet promotes lifelong heart-healthy eating habits. No particular foods or beverages are required. The majority of restaurants and supermarket stores carry diet-friendly foods.
When following the DASH diet, it’s important to choose foods that are:
- High in protein, fiber, potassium, calcium, and magnesium
- Minimal saturated fat
- Low in sodium
Review of the DASH diet
DASH adopts a healthy diet that emphasizes whole foods over manufactured meals. Fruits, vegetables, lean meat, low-fat dairy, whole grains, legumes, and nuts are the main ingredients. The diet restricts red meat, sweet foods, and sodium. Salt restriction is one of its most stringent requirements. The American Heart Association advises limiting sodium intake to 2,300 mg daily. That equates to almost half a teaspoon of salt. Reduce that intake to 1,500 mg, or about 1/3 of a teaspoon, for even more blood pressure lowering.
For people with diabetes, the standard DASH diet may be overly rich in carbohydrates and low in fat. You can improve blood sugar control and increase energy by eating fewer carbohydrates and consuming more unsaturated fats from foods like oils, nuts, seeds, and avocado.
DASH is not a diet that you adhere to for a brief period. It is intended to be a permanent component of diabetes nutrition.
You can therefore ease into it. Begin by giving up sodas or incorporating more fruits and vegetables into each meal. Bring spices to the table and discard or keep the saltshaker in the cupboard. You have the freedom to decide how you want to start, what stages to take, and when with the diet. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute maintains a database of DASH-friendly recipes to help you get started if you’re not sure where to start.
You can still enjoy your food while controlling your blood sugar levels and keeping your heart healthy. The DASH diet is all about balance and moderation.
DASH diet: Caffeine and alcohol
Alcohol consumption in excess can raise blood pressure. According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, women should restrict their alcohol consumption to one drink per day and men to no more than two. Caffeine is not mention in the DASH diet. How caffeine affects blood pressure is unknown. Caffeine can, however, momentarily increase blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure or think it affects it, you might want to reduce how much you drink coffee. Your doctor could provide you with more information on caffeine.
Aim for salt
The staple foods of the DASH diet are low in salt. Following the DASH diet is therefore likely to result in less salt consumption.
- To reduce salt consumption even more, choose low-salt
- Use salt-free spices or flavourings in place of salt
- Avoid using salt while making rice, pasta, or hot porridge
- Simple fresh or frozen vegetables are best
- Pick fresh skinless chicken, fish, and lean meat cuts
- Eat less food from restaurants. When dining out, request items that come with
To assist in preventing or controlling hypertension, also referred to as high blood pressure, the DASH diet was developed. This may also result in a decrease in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, which is linked to heart disease. Two key risk factors for heart disease and stroke are high blood pressure and high LDL cholesterol levels. A key risk factor for heart disease and stroke is high blood pressure, which is also associated with high LDL cholesterol levels.