Gastroenterology Conditions: GERD

Gastroenterology Conditions: GERD

When you have GERD (chronic acid reflux), your esophagus allows stomach acid to continuously flow back up into your mouth. Heartburn, acid reflux, difficulty swallowing, a sense of food stuck in your throat, and other issues might occur.

What are GERD’s (chronic acid reflux) primary signs and symptoms?

Acid regurgitation and recurrent heartburn are the major symptoms. GERD can occur in some persons without heartburn. Instead, they feel chest discomfort, morning hoarseness, or difficulty swallowing. You can feel as though you are choking, that you have food caught in your neck, or that your throat is constricting. Dry coughing and foul breath are some GERD side effects.

How widespread is GERD (chronic acid reflux)?

GERD is fairly widespread. The ailment and its symptoms affect 20% of US population

GERD may affect people of any age, however, some may be more susceptible than others. For instance, after age 40, you have a higher probability of developing mild or severe GERD.

Further indicators that you have it includes:

  • I am overweight or obese.
  • Pregnant
  • Either smoke or are frequently among others who do
  • Taking several drugs that might result in acid reflux

What are GERD’s (chronic acid reflux) signs and symptoms?

GERD has varying effects on various persons. The most typical signs are:

  • Heartburn
  • Regurgitation (food comes back into your mouth from the esophagus) (food comes back into your mouth from the esophagus).
  • You experienced a food-related throat tightening.
  • Coughing
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Vomiting
  • Throat discomfort and hoarseness

Children and infants can both have the same GERD symptoms, including:

  • Many occurrences of minor vomiting
  • Excessive sobbing and a lack of appetite (in babies and infants)
  • Other challenges with breathing (respiration)
  • Recurring acidic aftertaste, especially after lying down
  • Throat roaring
  • A choking sensation that might cause the youngster to wake awake
  • Poor breath
  • Having trouble falling asleep after feeding, especially in babies

How is chronic acid reflux disease (GERD) identified?

By asking you about your symptoms and medical background, your doctor can typically determine whether you have basic acid reflux (not chronic). You can discuss treating your symptoms with your doctor using food and medication. Your healthcare professional could suggest evaluating for GERD if these techniques don’t work. GERD tests include:

Biopsy and upper gastrointestinal GI endoscopy: To examine the lining of your upper GI tract, your doctor inserts an endoscope a long tube with a light attached through your mouth and neck (esophagus and stomach and duodenum). In order to check for GERD or other issues, the doctor also removes a little piece of tissue (biopsy).

GI upper series: Your upper GI tract X-rays reveal any GERD-related issues.  As the X-ray technician takes photographs, you ingest barium, a liquid that travels through your digestive system.

Both the Bravo wireless esophageal pH monitoring and esophageal pH and impedance monitoring test assess the pH levels in your esophagus. Your healthcare provider places a tiny tube in your stomach through your mouth or nose. You are then given a pH monitor to use at home while you carry on with your regular eating and sleeping routines. The Bravo system will be worn for 48 hours while the esophageal pH and impedance monitor will be worn for 24 hours each.

Manometry of the esophagus: A manometry evaluates the lower esophageal sphincter’s and the esophageal muscles’ ability to operate properly in moving food from the esophagus to the stomach. A little flexible tube with sensors is inserted into your nose by your healthcare professional. These sensors assess the force of your muscles, spasms, and sphincter.

What medical measures will be taken into account if you have GERD?

One or more of the following strategies are possible:

  • Advice on avoiding things that can cause GERD symptoms or make them worse, such as particular foods and changing an infant’s formula.
  • Non-prescription medicines
  • Medicines on prescription
  • Information about how to arrange your body correctly, such as how to stand up straight after eating
  • Surgery (reserved as a last option, or for when specific surgical correctable reasons are recognized) (reserve as a last resort, or for when certain surgical correctable causes are identified)


The GERD symptoms are treatable. You should be able to reduce your GERD symptoms to a reasonable level if you modify your eating and sleeping schedules and use medicines as necessary. Call your doctor if you suffer heartburn or acid reflux more than twice per week over a period of many weeks, are using antacids and heartburn medications often, and your symptoms keep coming back.