When blood sugar levels become too high during pregnancy, a form of diabetes known as gestational diabetes (GD) develops. GD often first manifests between weeks 24 and 28 of pregnancy. Being predispose to diabetes does not imply that you had diabetes before becoming pregnant. The pregnancy causes the problem to manifest. Pregnancy presents unique complications for people with both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.
How common is pregnancy-related gestational diabetes?
In the US, gestational diabetes affects 2% to 10% of expectant mothers.
What are the causes of gestational diabetes?
Hormonal changes as well as how our bodies use food as fuel might cause GD. The glucose, or sugar, that is consume by our bodies is broken down and sent to our cells by the hormone insulin.
Insulin keeps our blood glucose levels within a healthy range. Diabetes is brought on by elevated blood sugar levels, which are the result of inadequate or dysfunctional insulin.
Hormones during pregnancy may affect how well insulin functions. It might not control your blood sugar levels as it should, which increases the risk of GD. There may be additional factors, such as genes and being overweight (BMI greater than 25).
Which symptoms of diabetes during pregnancy are present?
Most of the time, GD has no symptoms. However, some people encounter:
- Urinating a lot
- Queasy feeling
Which symptoms indicate the possibility of gestational diabetes?
The majority of the time, GD has no symptoms. When you are test for diabetes in the second trimester of pregnancy, the symptoms are usually modest and go unrecognised.
How is the diagnosis made for gestational diabetes?
When you are pregnant, your healthcare professional will check your blood sugar. Two parts could make up the test:
Test for glucose intolerance: You sip a sugary beverage. You’ll get a blood test to determine your blood sugar level in around an hour. Your healthcare professional will do a glucose tolerance test if your blood sugar level is high.
Test for glucose tolerance: If the results of your challenge test are unusual, you will only be given an oral glucose tolerance test. The eight hours before the tolerance test are spend on fasting. Your blood is drawn by your healthcare professional before and one, two, and three hours after you consume a sugary beverage. The diagnosis of gestational diabetes can be verified by the tolerance test.
What is the treatment for gestational diabetes?
Although there are some precautions you need to take. The greatest strategy to lower your risk of gestational diabetes is to eat a balanced diet and exercise frequently both before and throughout your pregnancy.
When a pregnant person’s blood glucose level is excessive, GD might occur. GD is typically identify with a few straightforward blood tests in the middle of pregnancy. The majority of people can control their gestational diabetes with diet and exercise. A few will require medicine. Type 2 diabetes is more likely to develop in the future if you have gestational diabetes. See your doctor about strategies to lower your prenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum diabetes risk.