Medications for dialysis

Dialysis is a treatment for people whose kidneys are failing. Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are the two types of dialysis that both restore normal kidney function by removing waste and extra fluid from the circulation.

Here are some common medications that your doctor may tell you to take if you have dialysis


Anemia affects almost all dialysis patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A person develop anaemia when their red blood cell count is low. Erythropoietin is a hormone produce and secret by the kidneys.


Iron is required for the production of red blood cells by erythropoietin in order for it to function properly. Less red blood cells are produced without iron, and those that are produce are smaller in size and less able to carry oxygen.

Vital Vitamin D

Calcium and phosphorus loss from the bones can occur in dialysis patients and people with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In the tiny blood veins of the foot, intestines, and heart, calcium and phosphorus can also combine, solidify, and accumulate (producing calcifications).

Calcium binders

Increased PTH levels cause bone inflammation, as well as calcium and phosphorus loss from the bones and circulation. The additional phosphorus in the blood can no longer be excrete by the kidneys due to renal failure. Only a small amount of phosphorus is removed during dialysis.

Vitamin B complex and folic acid

Water-soluble vitamins like vitamin C, the B-complex vitamins, and folic acid are heavily excrete during the dialysis process.

Creams for the skin and antihistamines

Dry skin and itching are common among dialysis patients. Even while it’s crucial to identify and treat the underlying cause, the itching is typically manageable with oral antihistamines and topical hydration agents or cortisone.

 Vitamin E

Leg cramps can occur during dialysis and at night for certain dialysis patients. This may be caused by the hemodialysis treatment fast fluid and electrolyte transfer into and out of muscle cells.

The following common over-the-counter drugs and prescription drugs may need to be avoided or adjusted by your doctor if you have dialysis:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Another name for painkillers, decrease blood flow to the kidneys and ought to be avoided. A lot of drugs sold to treat fevers, colds, coughs, and sleep issues also contain NSAIDs.

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)

These drugs are use to treat heartburn and acid reflux, but some research indicate they may also raise the risk of osteoporosis, kidney disease, and other nutrient deficiencies. You can be restrict from using these medications if you undergo dialysis.

Cholesterol-lowering drugs (statins)

These drugs are frequently recommend to help decrease blood cholesterol levels. To protect your kidneys, your doctor may need to change the dosage of these medications.

Prescription antibiotics

Before administering antibiotics, antiviral drugs, or antifungal drugs, your doctor must be inform of your renal function because these drugs may damage your kidneys.

Medicines for diabetes

Kidney disease is primarily brought on by diabetes. Moreover, people with diabetes must carefully manage their blood sugar levels, which may need taking medication.


The electrolyte balance of your body might be disturb by over-the-counter drugs for heartburn and upset stomach. Because, of  which can be harmful for those with chronic kidney disease.

Vitamins and herbal supplements

Numerous herbal supplements include minerals, including potassium or phosphorus, which might be harmful to those who have kidney illness.

Contrast colour

Your risk of kidney issues or acute renal injury may rise if contrast dyes are use in diagnostic exams like MRIs, CT scans, or angiograms (AKI). Speak with the physician who ordered the test or your radiologist if you have one of these procedures planned.


Dialysis is a life-saving treatment for those with end-stage renal disease or kidney failure (ESRD). Dialysis can be continue indefinitely or only until a kidney transplant is possible.