When the appendix is inflammatory, appendicitis results. A tiny tube-shape organ, the appendix is joining to the large intestine. The abdomen’s lower right side is where it is located (belly). Although the function of the appendix is unknown, appendicitis is a serious condition. To remove the unhealthy appendix, a surgeon typically performs an appendectomy.
Who is susceptible to appendicitis?
Although appendicitis can strike at any age, it most frequently affects people in their teens and early 20s. The tween or teen years are when appendicitis in children most frequently occurs. However, appendicitis can affect kids as young as elementary school age. It is the leading reason for abdominal pain that necessitates surgery. Appendicitis will strike 5% of Americans at some point.
What causes appendicitis?
What causes appendicitis is unknown. Your appendix becomes infect or becomes irritated, resulting in swelling and pain. Possible causes include abdominal trauma or injury.
- Obstruction at the point where the appendix and intestines converge.
- Intestinal infection.
- Inflammation of the colon.
- Inside-the-appendix growths.
What signs or symptoms indicate the disease?
The main symptom of appendicitis is severe abdominal pain, especially in the lower right abdomen where your appendix is located. Symptoms frequently start out suddenly and worsen. They consist of:
- Abdomen-related discomfort or pain that gets worse when you cough, sneeze, breathe in or move.
- Abdominal bloat.
- Inability to exhale.
- Lower appetite (not feeling hungry when you usually would).
- A minor fever (below 100 degrees F).
- Vomiting and feeling sick.
How is appendicitis determined to exist?
You’ll be ask to list your symptoms and undergo a physical examination. A blood test may be prescribe by your doctor to look for infections. You might also undergo an imaging test. Any of these exams can detect obstruction, inflammation, or organ rupture symptoms:
Using CT scans, cross-sections of the body are displayed. They combine X-ray technology with computer technology.
Radio waves and magnets are use in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to create precise images of the abdominal organs.
High-frequency sound waves are use in an abdominal ultrasound to produce images of the organs.
How is appendicitis treated?
The majority of appendicitis patients require an operation called an appendectomy. A rupture appendix is necessary to remove. Surgery stops the appendix from rupturing if it hasn’t already, as well as the spread of infection.
Intravenous (IV) antibiotics are administer prior to surgery to treat an infection. Antibiotics alone can treat some mild appendicitis cases. To decide whether you need surgery, your doctor will closely monitor you. When the appendix rupture, surgery is the only way to treat an abdominal infection.
The majority of appendectomies are performed laparoscopically if you need surgery. Small incisions are made to perform laparoscopic procedures using a scope. You heal more quickly and painlessly using this minimally invasive method. If the appendix rupture, you might need major abdominal surgery (laparotomy).
How to avoid getting appendicitis?
Appendicitis cannot be prevented with any pain relievers. But by consuming a diet high in fiber, you may be able to reduce your risk of getting it. It is less frequent in nations where people consume high-fiber diets, despite the need for additional research on the potential role of diet.
- Foods high in fiber include:
- Fruits and Vegetables
- Lentils, split peas, beans, and other legumes
- Oatmeal, brown rice, whole wheat, and other whole grains
When your appendix inflames, most likely because of a blockage, you develop appendicitis. It might be acute or ongoing. The function of the appendix is not fully recognize by scientists. Additionally, an appendix is regard as a useless relic for a very long time. Researchers now believe that the appendix serves a purpose, though they are unsure of what it is. According to one theory, the appendix act as an immune organ by housing white blood cells that can fight off potential colon infections. Another is that the appendix serves as a “safe house” for good gut bacteria in times of emergency.