The pressure exerted by our blood against the artery walls is known as blood pressure. Our heart pump blood into the arteries with each heartbeat. If our heart is beating and pumping blood, our blood pressure (bp) will be at its highest. The term for this is systolic pressure.
Our bp decrease when our heart is at rest, in between beats. The term for this is diastolic pressure. These two figures are use to calculate your bp. The systolic reading typically comes before or above the diastolic reading. As an illustration, 120/80 denotes a 120 systolic and an 80 diastolic. National Institutes of Health claim (NIH). If our bp is higher than 120/80, medication is absolutely necessary.
Different types of high bp
There are two main types of high blood pressure.
Primary high blood pressure: It is also known as essential hypertension. Ageing and unhealthy habits like not exercising enough are two of the main causes of this type of high bp.
Secondary high blood pressure: This type of high bp can be brought on by a variety of health issues, such as kidney or hormonal issues, or occasionally by a medication you’re taking.
The American Heart Association (AHA) offers ranges that describe the various bp stages:
180 or higher and/or higher than 120
|Hypertension, stage 1
|130-139 and/or 80-89
|Hypertension, stage 2
|140 or higher and/or 90 or higher
|Elevated (pre-high-blood pressure)
|120-129 and less than 80
|Normal blood pressure
|Less than 120 and less than 80
|Low blood pressure
|no particular number
What medications are used to treat high bp?
Heart-healthy protective factors and medications are use as treatments for high bp.
Healthcare providers collaborate to develop a different treatment strategy. Additionally it might only involve a change in lifestyle. These adjustments, like exercising and eating heart-healthy, can be very successful. But occasionally, the adjustments do not help us to manage or lower your high blood pressure. There is a need to take medication.
Different kinds of bp medications exist. Therefore some individuals require more than one type. But if you treat the underlying medical issue or stop taking the medication that’s causing your high bp, your blood pressure may go down.
How is high blood pressure identified?
There are typically no symptoms of high bp. Therefore, the only way to determine if you have it is to have your bp checked frequently by a medical professional. A gauge, stethoscope, electronic sensor, and bp cuff will be used by your healthcare provider.
Before making a diagnosis, he or she will take two or more readings at various appointments.
Long-term high bp forces the heart to work harder and longer hours hence, increasing the risk of serious health issues like heart attack, stroke, heart failure, and kidney failure.
Other options for high blood pressure treatment
Taking steps to lower bp is advantageous for everyone. Even if the bp is normal, it is still essential to take precautions to maintain that level. Furthermore here are tips to lower your bp by making the change mentioned below to your way of life:
- Keep a healthy weight.
- Quit smoking.
- Limit your salt intake
- Moderate alcohol consumption
- Increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables
- Increase your level of exercise
- Encounter your stress.
Minimizing life-threatening diseases like heart failure, heart attack, and stroke require keeping bp within the recommended range. It is necessary to take precautions in order to maintain a healthy bp level. A complete health check-up would be beneficial in addition to adopting healthy habits to learn more about your current health status. To sign up for this health examination, complete the inquiry form.