Menopause : Symptoms and Treatments

When a woman has gone 12 months without a menstrual cycle, she has reached the stage. The menopause, which signals the end of your reproductive years, is a normal aspect of ageing. It often begins around age 51.

What are the three phases of Menopause?

The permanent cessation of it that occurs without any sort of medical intervention is known as natural menopause. The progressive process has three steps:

Perimenopause, often known as “menopause transition,” is a period of progressive oestrogen production decrease that can start eight to ten years prior to menopause. It often begins when you are in your forties. Up until period, when your ovaries cease producing eggs, is when you’re in perimenopause.

Menopause: Menopause is the time when its periods stop. Your ovaries have finished generating the majority of their oestrogen at this point, and they no longer release eggs. After you have gone 12 months without a monthly cycle, a medical professional will diagnose it.

Postmenopause: The period-free phase is referred to as the postmenopausal period. Its symptoms like hot flashes may lessen during this phase.

When does Menopause usually occur?

Menopause normally begins in Americans at age 51. The shift to it, however, often starts in your mid-40s.

What symptoms indicate Menopause?

  • Vasomotor symptoms, sometimes referred to as hot flashes (a sudden feeling of warmth that spreads over your body)
  • Cold flashes and/or night sweats
  • Pain from vaginal dryness during intercourse
  • Desire to urinate (a pressing need to pee more frequently)
  • Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
  • Emotional alterations (irritability, mood swings or mild depression)
  • Dry tongue, dry eyes, or dry skin
  • Breast sensitivity
  • An increase in premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  • Periods that are heavier or lighter than normal or that are irregular

How long have you had Menopausal symptoms?

Its symptoms might last up to ten years. Nonetheless, the majority of women only go through it for a brief five years.

How is Menopause identified?

Your healthcare professional can diagnose it in a number of ways. The first is talking about your menstrual cycle during the last 12 months. It is distinct in that your doctor only identifies it once it has started. You’ve reached the stage and may be postmenopausal if you’ve gone a full year (12 months without a period).

Can the Menopause be treated?

Your body naturally goes through the menopause phase. In other cases, menopausal treatment may not be necessary. While considering its treatment with your doctor, focus on addressing the symptoms that are interfering with your daily life. The symptoms of it can be treated in a variety of ways. The most common forms of menopause therapy are:

To create a treatment plan that is effective for you while you are going through the period, it is crucial to speak with your healthcare professional. Each person is different and has particular needs.


The menopause is a normal and natural stage of women ageing. After you reach the age, it has been 12 months since your last menstrual cycle. Symptoms like hot flashes and vaginal dryness are frequent. Tell your doctor all you can about your symptoms, including how they affect your quality of life. To control your symptoms and increase your comfort, they might suggest therapies.