Pancreatitis- Types, Symptoms, & Treatment


Inflammation of the pancreas is pancreatitis. The illness is often temporary (acute), but it can also be persistent and last a lifetime. Abdominal discomfort is the most common sign. Drinking alcohol and gallstones are the two most typical reasons.


Your pancreas will become swollen if you have pancreatitis. Swelling and discomfort are a result of inflammation. If you have pancreatitis, you may experience back discomfort that originates in your stomach. An organ in the abdomen is the pancreas. It is located between your spine and your stomach.

Your pancreas is about the same size and shape behind your right hand’s position across your stomach. Your pancreas controls your blood sugar and aids in digesting. It produces hormones such as insulin as well as digestive enzymes such as amylase. Through the pancreatic duct, it feeds digestive enzymes to your small intestine.

Your immune system responds to harm by causing inflammation. It is meant to aid in the healing of damaged tissues. Most typically, alcohol use or gallstones obstructing the pancreatic duct cause pancreas injuries.

Different Types of Pancreatitis

Acute Pancreatitis

Acute pancreatitis is a temporary illness. It takes place when your pancreas is making an effort to heal from a slight, temporary damage. With supportive treatment, such as rest, water, and painkillers, the majority of persons with acute pancreatitis will fully recover in a few days. A particularly severe case of acute pancreatitis, however, can result in major health issues, some of which are life-threatening.

Chronic Pancreatitis

Chronic pancreatitis is a chronic, advancing disorder. It persists and just becomes worse with time. It occurs when your pancreas sustains ongoing harm or damage. Even though it could take years, chronic pancreatitis will eventually cause permanent damage to your pancreas. Your pancreatic tissues get damaged due to persistent inflammation (fibrosis). This prevents them from producing enzymes and hormones.

Symptoms of Pancreatitis

Abdominal discomfort is the main sign of pancreatitis.

Acute pancreatitis may also present with other symptoms like:

  • Vomiting and nausea.
  • Rapid heartbeat.
  • Shallow, rapid breathing.
  • Fever.

The following additional signs of chronic pancreatitis:

  • Bloating and discomfort after eating.
  • Unintentional weight loss and loss of appetite.
  • Dizziness due to low blood pressure.

These are signs that the functioning of your pancreas is starting to decline.


The reason, whether it is acute or chronic, and how severe it is all affect the course of treatment. In general, if you experience its symptoms, you should consult a doctor. Depending on the underlying reason and the severity of the ailment, some acute pancreatitis instances may resolve on their own.

Most patients with acute pancreatitis will require pain medication in the meantime to get through it. Furthermore, for specific reasons, some people will require emergency medical care.

Treatment for Acute Pancreatitis

Supporting your body’s natural healing process will be the main focus of care if the cause has been found and you do not have severe or complex pancreatitis. Typically, this comprises:

Supportive Treatment

  • IV liquids: Hydration is crucial for recovery since pancreatitis dehydrates the body.
  • Fed through a tube: Your physicians may give food via a tube inserted through your nose or stomach if you are unable to tolerate meals by mouth. Thus, to ensure that you receive the necessary nourishment.
  • Parenteral alimentation: Your physicians could decide to use an intravenous line to provide nutrients in really serious circumstances.
  • Pain relief: You will either take medicine orally or through an IV into your circulation.

Gallstone Removal

Your doctor might need to remove an affected gallstone from your bile ducts if you have gallstone pancreatitis. Also, they may advise gallbladder removal surgery to stop gallstones from posing further health issues.

Treatment for Chronic Pancreatitis

Pain management and lifestyle modifications are the first steps in treating this condition in order to limit the disease’s development. Once your pancreas stops producing enzymes and insulin, you could eventually need to take enzyme supplements and have insulin injections.

Lifestyle Changes

It is crucial that you stop using cigarettes and cigars and consuming alcohol if you have chronic pancreatitis. Along with maintaining a low-fat diet rich in fruits and vegetables, it’s crucial to drink lots of water every day.

Pain Management

The treatment of chronic pain can be difficult. To determine what works for you, you might need to try out a range of various treatments and drugs. Maintain communication with your doctor about your pain, particularly if what you’re doing is not helping. To assist you in managing your pain, they might recommend a chronic pain expert.


Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is a condition that many patients with this issue might acquire over time. Thus, these patients will require supplements including pancreatic enzymes.


Your doctor may advise a resection (surgical) to remove the affected portion of your pancreas if there is intense inflammation focused on that area. Also, surgery is necessary if it is causing uncontrollable discomfort or consequences. They may advise a complete pancreatectomy in really advanced situations where your pancreas has sustained serious harm. Also, it is still causing you significant pain.


Most people who suffer from acute pancreatitis recover completely. You should start feeling better in five to ten days if the condition is not severe. You might need to spend many weeks in the hospital if your condition is severe or complicated. The illness of chronic pancreatitis advances gradually. Also, with routine maintenance, you may monitor its development & avoid any consequences.  Moreover, you will require medical assistance to manage it over the course of your lifetime.