Respiratory Diseases – Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment

Respiratory Diseases

Lung illnesses, often known as respiratory diseases, include conditions like TB, mesothelioma, lung cancer, asthma, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, and lung cancer. Lung illness can result in difficult symptoms, even fatal situations, and other health issues if left untreated.

Respiratory Diseases

Any illness or condition affecting the lungs and airways that interferes with breathing in humans is a respiratory ailment. Any respiratory system component can become ill or infected. Also, the consequences might range widely in terms of difficulties. Similar to other bodily reactions, infection causes an inflammatory response. As a result, breathing becomes difficult due to hyperemia and mucous lining edema.

Excessive mucus production occurs in conjunction with the inflammatory response. Also, this obstructs the airways and causes the lung tissue distal to the block to collapse. Regaining the growth of the region as quickly as feasible is crucial. Due to the tissue that has collapsed being fibrosed, the lungs’ ability to breathe is permanently reduced.

Various Kinds of Respiratory Diseases

The following is a list of some common respiratory issues that cause breathing difficulty in people.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

A form of lung illness- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) makes it harder for the lungs to breathe. This impairs their ability to function.


In people with asthma, the windpipes grow and constrict as a result of persistent coughing or other reasons. This reduces natural airflow.


In people with emphysema, the alveoli, or small air sacs in the lungs, degenerate and can burst.

Pleural Effusion

Often called “water on the lungs,” this condition is brought on by an accumulation of extra fluid between the pleural layers.

Chronic Bronchitis

One kind of inflammation in the bronchi, or breathing tubes, is chronic bronchitis.


The primary disadvantage of COPD is that symptoms do not become apparent until considerable lung damage occurs. Excessive smoking seems to make the problem worse over time. Mucus production and persistent coughing are typical signs of chronic bronchitis. Also, this can last anywhere from three months to many years. The following are some other signs of respiratory diseases:

  • Breathing heavily.
  • Breathlessness when engaging in any physical activity.
  • Congestion in the chest.
  • A constant need to clear one’s throat as soon as one wakes up.
  • Coughing up anything that looks clear, yellow, or green.
  • Lack of energy.
  • Recurring infections of the respiratory system.
  • Also, swelling of the ankle, foot, or legs.
  • Lips or cyanosis that are blue.
  • Unnoticed loss of weight.
  • Exhaustion arises due to a lack of oxygen


Smoking and Air Pollution

The lungs’ alveoli suffer harm from the pollutants in smoke and air pollution. Consequently, it is unable to adequately submerge gaseous oxygen in blood. The patients therefore feel uncomfortable and have breathing difficulties.


Some people’s immune systems have negative reactions to certain substances, such as dust, pollen, or animal dander. People with allergies have trouble breathing when they are among certain allergens.

Viral Infection

Viral infection is one of the primary causes of respiratory problems. Certain viruses can penetrate alveoli and cause inflammation. These include respiratory adenoviruses, respiratory syncytial viruses, and influenza viruses.

Bacterial Infection

Certain bacteria can also cause respiratory conditions such as sinusitis, pneumonia, and otitis.


To treat respiratory diseases, doctors utilize several procedures:


The pulmonologist may recommend bronchodilators, oral steroids, and antibiotics. Because these help patients breathe easier and reduce inflammation.

Respiratory Care

Throughout pulmonary rehabilitation, medical professionals advise patients on a variety of techniques and exercises. Because the oxygen levels in their bodies improve for patients who follow these instructions.

Extra Oxygen

Major respiratory patients need home oxygen supplies that are always available to them. Sometimes, they merely need additional oxygen after effort.

Nutritional Therapy

For some conditions, this cannot be utilized as a stand-alone treatment. Nonetheless, physicians closely monitor the nutritional requirements of their patients. It expedites the process of their recovery.


Certain respiratory disorders, such as COPD and pleural effusion, need surgery for patients. Because the surgical procedure removes the damaged region of the lungs caused by these illnesses.

The Bottom Line

By leading a healthy lifestyle, you can manage these risk factors. Strive for a nutritious diet and make time for physical activity such as walking and working out. To reduce your chance of developing any form of respiratory disease, make sure you stop smoking very often. These might worsen if left untreated. Therefore, keep an eye out for any changes in how your body is functioning and visit your physician.