Rotator Cuff Injuries – Symptoms & Treatment

Rotator Cuff Injuries

If you have either a partial or complete rotator cuff injury, it could be difficult for you to elevate and move your arm. Shoulder pain and arm heaviness are possible side effects. Rotator cuff injuries are common, especially as you become older. Painkillers, sleep, and physical therapy are all possible benefits. In some circumstances, surgery may be necessary to repair a torn rotator cuff.

What exactly is a torn rotator cuff?

The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint that is part of the skeletal system. It looks like a golf ball balanced on a tee. Rotator cuff rips are caused by the arm bone’s tendon attachments pulling away. A tear may be brought on by another injury, such as overuse.

What types of wounds exist?

Different rotator cuff injuries include: In the event of incomplete or partial tears, the tendon is still only partially linked to the arm bone.

Complete: In the event of a full-thickness or whole rip, the tendon completely separates from the bone. There are rips in the tendon or missing pieces.

How frequently do rotator cuff tears occur?

Each year, the issues affect more than two million Americans in some way. Any age or gender can experience it, but it seems to affect adults more frequently than children.

What lead to rotator cuff tears, and why?

Accidents can lead to a broken collarbone or a dislocated shoulder that tears the rotator cuff With time and use, the tendon degenerates, making degenerative tears more common. People above 40 fall ill.

The following factors can lead to degenerative tears:

Bone spurs: Bony growths may appear on the top of the shoulder bone.

When your arm is elevated, these bone spurs chafe the tendon. Friction between the tendon and bone is brought on by the shoulder impingement. There might eventually be a full or partial rip.

Reduced blood flow: As you become older, your rotator cuff’s blood flow declines. Your muscles and tendons need a lot of blood flow to repair. If there isn’t enough blood to maintain the tendons, they could tear.

Overuse: Repetitive shoulder movements while work or pleasure can wreak havoc on muscles and tendons, tearing them.

What symptoms and indicators indicate a torn rotator cuff?

Accidental abrupt tears cause immediate, excruciating shoulder pain and arm paralysis.

Degenerative tears can cause mild discomfort, which over-the-counter medications can alleviate. Since the discomfort keeps getting worse, painkillers are ineffectual. Even while not everyone has discomfort, the majority of people report some arm and shoulder weakness.

The following are signs of a torn rotator cuff:

  • It hurts and is difficult to raise your arm.
  • You can hear or feel popping or clicking as you move your arm.
  • A soreness in your shoulder that is worse at night or while your arm is at rest.
  • A lack of strength in the shoulders and trouble lifting things.

What constitutes a torn rotator cuff?

To determine arm strength, shoulder range of motion, and shoulder discomfort, your doctor will perform a physical examination. To back up a diagnosis, you might get the following information:

  • X-ray
  • MRI and ultrasound to look for tendon tears

What surgical procedures are employed to treat torn rotator cuffs?

Your doctor could suggest surgery if you have a full or partial tear that is not improving with nonsurgical treatments. You can also require surgery if your work or sporting endeavors impose strain on your shoulder. Most procedures are carried out arthroscopically through minuscule incisions. Your surgeon will: Use a tiny incision in your shoulder to introduce an arthroscope (a tiny camera) during surgery.

To do the procedure, use the images from the arthroscope.

By placing little instruments into tiny incisions in your shoulder, bone spurs can be removed and the tendon can be reattached to the upper arm bone.


If you have a physically demanding work or are an athlete, a rotator cuff injury will surely keep you out of action, but it doesn’t have to be the end of your career. With your healthcare provider, discuss the best surgical and nonsurgical therapy choices. Your shoulder will gradually recover, even though it could first seem weak and unpleasant.