Sciatica Signs and Symptoms


Sciatica occurs when one or more of the nerves that go from your lower back down to your legs are irritated, inflamed, pinched, or compressed. Sciatic nerve is not a serious or hazardous ailment, and the majority of sufferers recover on their own over time and with self-care measures. Surgery, however, can be required in severe situations.

Types of sciatica

It comes in two different forms. Whatever type you have, the outcomes are the same. They include:

Actual sciatica: Any illness or damage that directly affects your sciatic nerve falls under this category.

Sciatica-like conditions: These illnesses have the same symptoms as sciatica but are caused by different issues with the sciatic nerve or the nerves that bundle together to make it.

How common is sciatica?

It’s fairly common to have sciatica pain. In the United States, 40% of people encounter sciatica at some point in their lives. Before the age of 20, it rarely occurs unless it’s a result of an injury.

What are sciatica’s signs and symptoms?

Among the symptoms of it include pain. Because of pressure on the afflicted nerve(s), sciatica pain occurs. Most persons who have sciatica pain describe it as scorching or electric shock-like.

  • “Pins and needles” or tingling (paresthesia): This is comparable to the sensation you get when you sit cross-legged and a leg falls asleep.
  • Numbness: You experience this when the skin on your leg or back that is afflicted cannot detect any feelings. It occurs when your brain is having problems receiving messages from your back or leg.
  • Muscular lassitude: This symptom is more serious. It indicates that your back or legs are having problems receiving muscle instruction impulses.
  • Either faecal or urinary incontinence: This symptom is intense. It indicates that the signals that regulate your bladder and bowels aren’t getting to where they need to go.

What are the causes of sciatica?

Any disorder that affects the nerve might induce sciatica. Additionally, any of the five spinal nerves that bundle to form the sciatic nerve may be affect by diseases.

Among the ailments that might result in sciatica are:

  • Slipped discs
  • Dystrophic disc disease
  • Vertebral stenosis
  • Foraminal narrowing
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Injuries
  • Pregnancy
  • Cysts, tumours, or other growths
  • Constricted medullas syndrome
  • Coccygeal syndrome

How is sciatic pain diagnosed?

It can be identified by a medical professional utilising a variety of techniques. They will look through your medical background and inquire about your symptoms. They’ll conduct a physical examination as well. It will consist of:

Walking: The way you walk can frequently change as a result of it. As part of the diagnosis, your doctor will keep an eye out for such modifications.

Test of straight leg raising: Your legs will be stretch out straight on an exam table as you lay there. One at a time, they will progressively raise your legs towards the sky, asking you to let them know if you experience any discomfort or other symptoms. These can aid in determining the origin of sciatica and provide management options.

More tests of strength and flexibility: These could assist your provider in figuring out whether any other

Is there a cure for sciatica? How is it treated?

Typically, sciatica treatment focuses on reducing discomfort and enhancing mobility. You can perform a lot of therapies on yourself.

If you have sciatica that won’t go away or is more severe, there are several therapy options available. If your condition is severe or other therapies fail to help, surgery can be a possibility.


Milder cases of it typically improve on their own with self-care, depending on the underlying cause.


Your life might be significantly impact by sciatica pain in the back, butt, or legs. Fortunately, there are several things you may do to aid in your recovery. Milder cases are frequently self-treatable. Treatment options exist for more severe symptoms. Although surgery is not frequently required, it is an option if your symptoms are severe. With the right care, you may put it behind you and resume living your life as you choose.