Sports-related injuries are frequent and can affect your bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other body parts. Many minor injuries can be treated at home using rest, ice, compression, elevation, and over-the-counter painkillers. However, some injuries need medical attention, including surgery, physical therapy, and immobilisation.
Who is at risk for sports injuries?
Anyone can sustain a sports injury, but those who:
- Are out of shape are particularly susceptible.
- Wear inappropriate protection gear.
- Workout without a warm-up or cool-down.
- Play contact sports where there may be tackling or collisions.
- Participate in exercises that require you to leap, run, and pivot or change directions fast.
Which sports injuries occur most frequently?
Sports injuries can come in a variety of forms. Among the most typical are:
Broken bone: When an abrupt force is given to a bone, it may break or fracture.
Cartilage tear: Some bones’ ends are covered and protected by cartilage, a resilient but flexible stress absorber. Joints including your knee and shoulder can sustain cartilage damage.
Concussion: A concussion is a damage to the brain brought on by a blow to the head or bump.
Dislocation: A dislocation happens when the end of a bone slips out of the joint’s usual position. Your shoulder, for instance, is dislocated if it pops out of its socket.
Tendinitis: Tendinitis is an inflammation and swelling of the tissues (tendons) that connect your muscles to your bones. Over time, repetitive movements are what lead to it. Jumper’s knee is one instance (patellar tendonitis).
Sprains: When a ligament stretches too much or tears, a sprain results. Ligaments hold joints together and link bones. Your ankle, knee, and wrist are frequently the sites of these injuries, which can be mild or serious.
Strains: A strain happens when a muscle is overextended and stretches or tears. Hamstring, back, and abdominal strains are a few examples.
What causes injuries in sports?
Sports injuries can have a variety of reasons, such as:
- Mishaps, like a tumble.
- Exercise bad habits like not warming up or stretching adequately.
- lack of safety equipment, broken or improperly worn equipment
- shoes that are uncomfortable or don’t offer enough support.
Start an exercise regimen suddenly, or boost your physical activity levels much beyond what your body is accustomed to.
What signs and symptoms indicate a sports injury?
Depending on the type of damage, different signs and symptoms may accompany it. Typical signs include:
- Discomfort, tenderness, or aches
- Deformity, such as an irregularly shaped bone or joint
- a smaller range of motion
- Noises like grinding, cracking, clicking, or popping
- inability to support your hip, leg, or foot with your weight
- pleasantly warm to the touch skin
- weakness or stiffness
How are sports injuries identified?
Your healthcare professional does a physical exam to identify a sports injury. They will inquire as to what occurred and any symptoms.
Your healthcare professional might also suggest imaging testing, depending on the kind of damage you have and its severity. A CT scan, MRI, or an X-ray can produce images of the internal organs in your body. Your healthcare expert will be able to recognise, identify, and treat your particular injury with the aid of the photos.
How are sports injuries handled?
Depending on the nature and severity of a sports injury, there are many different types of treatment. With rest and at-home treatments, many sports injuries recover in a matter of days or weeks.
However, treatment for more severe wounds may entail immobilisation with a cast, splint, sling, walking boot, or other medical device.
- Injections to lessen pain and swelling
- Anti-inflammatory drugs on prescription
- Surgery to repair ligament, tendon, or cartilage injuries, or to fix fractures
- Physical exercise
Sports and exercise are crucial for maintaining good health, yet they frequently result in injuries. With rest and other methods, many common, minor sports injuries can be treated at home. But if discomfort, bruising, swelling, or the inability to utilise the damaged area don’t go away in a few hours or days, you should consult a doctor.