Thyroid Disease : Symptoms, Types & Treatment

Thyroid Disease

A significant health problem that sometimes goes untreated is thyroid disease. This little gland on the front of your neck, resembling a butterfly, is very important. Many things can go wrong when it isn’t doing its job. The primary function of the thyroid gland is to create the hormones required to control your metabolism, heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature. Also, the normal operation of every cell in the body depends on thyroid hormones. Moreover, thyroid illness has the drawback that you might not even be aware of it.

Thyroid Disease Symptoms


The following tests are carried out to identify thyroid issues:

Blood Test

Blood tests to assess whether your thyroid gland is functioning normally are one of the best techniques to evaluate a thyroid issue. You may accomplish this by counting the number of thyroid hormones present in your blood. Additionally, blood is taken for these tests from a vein in your arm.

Test for Iodine Uptake

Iodine Uptake Test is frequently used by doctors to determine the origin of hyperthyroidism. Also, it assesses how much iodine is taken in by the thyroid.


With an ultrasound examination, your doctor can examine any nodules that have unexpectedly appeared. Thus, your doctor may do an aspiration or biopsy depending on the size of the nodule and your risk of developing thyroid cancer.

Types of Thyroid Disease


In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland fails to generate the necessary amounts of hormones for the body. A condition known as Hashimoto’s disease, an iodine deficit, or damage to the thyroid gland through physical exertion or certain drugs can all result in hypothyroidism. Also, untreated hypothyroidism can lead to cardiac issues, a goiter, infertility, and enlargement of the thyroid gland. Thus, inform your physician of your feelings. Be sure to let someone know if you experience any changes in your physical, mental, emotional, or cognitive well-being.


Your thyroid gland overproduces the hormone thyroxine, which results in hyperthyroidism.  Your body’s metabolism may speed up as a result of this thyroid condition. This results in unexpected weight loss and an inconsistent or quick pulse.


This is the thyroid gland’s enlargement. It may also cause the thyroid hormone to produce too much or too little. Rapid heartbeat, fever, and even fainting are common symptoms of this potentially fatal illness.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

It is autoimmune in nature. This is a condition when the immune system misbehaves and attacks the body’s own tissues. The thyroid is attacked by the immune system in those who have Hashimoto’s disease.

Treatment for Thyroid

Thyroid gland removal with surgery

The surgical removal of your thyroid is an option that your doctor has. As a result, it won’t produce hormones.  For the rest of your life, you will need to take thyroid replacement hormones.

Radiation treatment with iodine

Your thyroid suffers cell damage, which prevents it from producing a lot of thyroid hormones.

Medications on prescription

These are the kinds of drugs that can prevent your thyroid from producing hormones. It is crucial to take your medicine as per prescription if there is a thyroid illness. For instance, taking your medicine in the morning before breakfast is essential for thyroid health if your bloodwork reveals that your thyroid is not releasing enough hormones. Also, if there is hypothyroidism. For optimum absorption, thyroid hormones must be taken on an empty stomach every day at around the same time, 30 to 60 minutes before you eat.

The Bottom Line

A thyroid issue is frequently a chronic medical ailment that requires ongoing management. It frequently requires a daily prescription. Moreover, your doctor will monitor your therapies and adjust them as necessary as time goes on. Despite this, people with thyroid disease frequently lead regular lives. Finding the best course of action and controlling your hormone levels may take some time, but after that persons with these diseases typically have quite unrestricted lives.