Your body’s response to an ordinarily benign substance, such as pollen, mound, animal dander, latex, particular foods, or insect stings, is known as an allergies. Its symptoms can be mild, such as a rash or hives, itching, a runny nose, or watery or red eyes, or they can be fatal. Antihistamines, decongestants, nasal steroids, asthma medications, and immunotherapy are among the treatments.
Types of allergies
You may have allergies to a wide range of substances, such as pollen, animal dander, mould, and dust mites, as was previously mentioned.
- Pollen: hay fever, also known as seasonal allergic rhinitis, is an allergic reaction to pollen.
- Dust mites: are microscopic creatures that reside in the fibres of household items like pillows, mattresses, carpet, and upholstery as well as in the dust.
- Molds: are microscopic fungi, similar to Penicillium, whose spores float in the air like pollen.
- Animal dander: is a protein that is release from sweat glands in an animal’s skin or saliva.
- Latex: after coming into contact with latex repeatedly, some individuals develop allergies to it.
- Food allergies: appear when your body produce a particular antibody in response to a particular food.
What is a reaction to an allergen?
Your body’s reaction to the allergen is refer to as an “allergic reaction.” An allergic reaction is the result of a series of events. If you are prone to it, your body will respond by producing allergic (IgE) antibodies the first time you are expose to a particular allergen (such as pollen). These antibodies are responsible for locating the allergens and aiding in their removal from your body. As a result, histamine, a chemical that contribute to allergy symptoms, is release.
How prevalent are allergies?
Many people have allergies of any kind, including allergies to food, drugs, latex, insects, skin, and eyes, as well as allergies to the indoors and outdoors. All age, sex, and racial groups are seeing an increase in the number of people with allergies.
Do all people have allergies?
No. The majority of them are inherit, which mean that parents pass them on to their offspring. Despite not inheriting a specific allergen, individuals are likely to be allergic. It is very likely that you or your partner have allergies if your child develop allergies.
What signs of allergies exist?
The effect of allergy symptoms can range from mild to severe:
- Mild reactions: include local symptoms such as a rash or hives, watery/red eyes, hay fever, itchiness and runny nose.
- Moderate reactions: include symptoms such as itchiness, hives, and/or swelling and trouble breathing.
- Severe allergic reaction: also known as anaphylaxis. It include throat swelling, abdominal pain, cramps, hives, vomiting, diarrhoea and swelling.
How are allergies identified?
Although avoiding the allergen is an important part of treatment, the allergic reaction usually doesn’t end completely. To determine the allergens causing your allergy symptoms, skin testing may be use. The test involves pricking your skin with an allergen extract and observing how your skin reacts.
Blood tests may be taken if a skin test is not possible. As oppose to a skin test, this one is less sensitive. It assesses how many antibodies your immune system has produced. A possible allergy to that allergen is recommend by higher levels of some antibodies.
Your body’s response to a substance it perceive as an unsafe “invader” is an allergy. Although there is no cure, symptoms can be treat with a combination of avoidance strategies, medications, and, in carefully selected cases, allergen immunotherapy.