Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes Education and Awareness

The majority of people are aware that there are two forms of diabetes, but not everyone is aware of their distinctions. Insulin is a hormone that controls blood sugar, and when the body does not create enough of it or uses it improperly, blood sugar levels can become excessive in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Both categories have different causes and treatments, even though the issue is fundamentally the same in both. The following information is essential.

Type 1 Diabetes

The primary distinction between the two forms of diabetes is that type 2 is mostly connected to nutrition and develops over time, but type 1 diabetes is a hereditary condition that frequently manifests early in life. Your immune system is targeting and destroying the insulin-producing cells if you have type 1 diabetes.

What are the signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes?

It is worthwhile to seek medical attention if you or a loved one displays these symptoms:

  1. A rise in thirst
  2. Recurring urination
  3. Unexpected weight reduction
  4. Weakness and exhaustion
  5. Blurry eyesight

How is Type 1 Diabetes diagnosed?

An A1C screening is one of the blood tests require for the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. A1C screens can be used to identify type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and prediabetes by measuring your blood sugar levels during the previous two to three months. With our at-home tests, Life Line Screening also provides an A1C screening in the comfort of your own home.

When an emergency arises:-

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a dangerous and potentially fatal consequence of extremely elevated blood sugar, is a complication of type 1 diabetes. Due to energy starvation, DKA causes the body’s cells to begin breaking down fat and creating poisonous chemicals called ketones. Therefore, it’s time to visit the emergency room if you or someone you know has these symptoms in addition to diabetic symptoms:

  1. Vomiting and queasiness
  2. Severe pain in the abdomen
  3. Chest ache
  4. Type 1 diabetes is frequently diagnose as a co-diagnosis of DKA.

Type 2 Diabetes

Usually brought on by lifestyle choices, type 2 diabetes is more prevalent than type 1 diabetes in the United States. Your body still makes some insulin if you have type 2 diabetes, but it is insufficiently effective. The high blood sugar levels brought on by an unhealthy diet and little exercise are too much for the pancreas to handle. In contrast to type 1 diabetes, which is cause by the immune system attacking the insulin-producing cells, some individuals with type 2 diabetes have “insulin resistance,” which means that although the pancreas makes insulin, the body does not recognise it.

How is Type 2 Diabetes diagnosed?

Although their bodies still make some insulin, persons with type 2 diabetes frequently do not require it. This is in contrast to people with type 1. The main treatments for type 2 diabetes are as follows, even though drugs like Metformin can help lower blood sugar:

Balanced eating: The first and most crucial step in managing type 2 diabetes is consuming fruits and vegetables, healthy grains, and lean proteins while avoiding high-fat, high-sugar foods regularly.

Exercise: Continuing to be active is also crucial. Exercise can be done in a plethora of ways. Find an activity you enjoy doing by trying out several hobbies, then include it in your weekly schedule.

Reduced weight: Of course, this could happen as a side effect if you strive to eat better and exercise. Weight loss is more about taking care of your body and lessening the load on your pancreas than it is about the number on the scale.

Monitoring of blood glucose: You’ll start to incorporate checking your blood sugar daily. It’s critical to monitor your levels throughout the day and modify your activity and diet as necessary. You’ll eventually discover the routine and ratio that are most effective for you.

What are the Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes?

You should see a doctor if you exhibit any of the following symptoms:

  1. Too much thirst
  2. Recurring urination
  3. Tiredness
  4. Blurry eyesight

How this is prevented?

Doctors don’t generally order blood tests to assess a patient’s risk of type 1 diabetes because the disease is genetic. For a diagnosis, blood tests are require when symptoms do appear. As was previously said, an A1C test is use to diagnose type 1, type 2, and prediabetes. It measures blood sugar levels from the preceding two to three months. On the other hand, there are numerous strategies to reduce your type 2 diabetes risk. If there is a family history of diabetes, this is very crucial. Among the methods to reduce your risk are:

  1. Physical activity and weight control
  2. Wholesome eating
  3. Keep your blood pressure normal.
  4. Continue to drink in moderation
  5. Give up smoking.
  6. Boost your consumption of fibre

Conclusion

Type 1 diabetes is a hereditary condition that usually manifests in childhood, but type 2 diabetes develop gradually and is primarily caused by nutrition. However for different reasons, your body does not create enough insulin in both situations to appropriately balance your blood sugar. An A1C test, which evaluates your blood sugar over the previous two to three months, can be used to diagnose diabetes if you are displaying symptoms.