When you have pancreatitis or cystic fibrosis, for example, your pancreas is damage and you have type 3c diabetes. Lack of pancreatic enzymes, which are critical for digesting, is a common complication of Type 3 Diabetes. Insulin or oral diabetic drugs are effective treatments for type 3c diabetes.
How prevalent is Type 3 Diabetes?
Based on research findings, between 1% and 9% of cases of diabetes are thought to be Type 3c. Due to Type 3 c’s lack of awareness and frequent misdiagnosis with Type 2 diabetes, this range is broad.
What distinguishes Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3 Diabetes?
As an autoimmune condition known as type 1 diabetes, your immune system targets and kills the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas for unclear reasons. Insulin is always require for the management of Type 1 diabetes.
When your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or when your cells don’t react to it properly, it can lead to type 2 diabetes (insulin resistance). Individuals with Type 2 diabetes may use insulin, oral medicine, and/or lifestyle modifications to control their condition.
Damage to your pancreas that is not autoimmune causes type 3c diabetes. Individuals with Type 3c frequently also have insufficient amounts of the digestive enzymes produced by their pancreas. Your pancreas may produce different amounts of insulin under this condition. While some people control their diabetes with oral medicines, others require insulin.
What signs and symptoms accompany type 3c diabetes?
Similar to other types of diabetes, Type 3c diabetes has similar symptoms. Among them include:
- Dry mouth and increased thirst (polydipsia)
- Urine regularly
- Visual impairment
- Weight loss without explanation
- Your hands or feet may feel numb or tingly
- Slow-to-heal wounds or sores
What is the cause of Type 3c diabetes?
When your pancreas sustains enough damage to impair its capacity to produce insulin, type 3c diabetes develops. The following underlying circumstances or situations may cause the damage:
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Acute pancreatitis
- Pancreatic cancer
How is this types of diabetes diagnosed?
Diagnosing Type 3c diabetes might be challenging for medical professionals. This is because this form of diabetes isn’t very prevalent or well-known. Healthcare professionals frequently misidentify it as Type 2 diabetes, which is far more prevalent. Type 3c is easier to identify if you already have a known pancreatic illness. To diagnose Type 3c diabetes, medical professionals must verify the presence of diabetes, validate pancreatic damage, and rule out alternative forms of the disease.
To accomplish so, they might request the following tests:
Blood glucose test performed after fasting: You must fast for at least eight hours before the test and consume nothing except water throughout that time. When the result is 126 mg/dL or above, diabetes is usually detected.
A1C: Your average blood glucose level over the previous two to three months is provided by this blood test, commonly known as the glycated haemoglobin test (HbA1C). A result of 6.5% or over usually means that you have diabetes.
Imaging tests: Your doctor can diagnose pancreatitis with the use of imaging tests like computed tomography (CT) scans.
Tests on the pancreas’ blood: These can evaluate the organ’s functioning. The amount of specific digestion enzymes your pancreas generates is measured. Results can confirm pancreas injury if they are abnormal.
A blood test called a diabetic autoantibody panel determines if you have the autoantibodies that lead to Type 1 diabetes. This test could be ordered by your provider to rule out Type 1.
How does diabetes type 3c get treated?
The degree of damage to your pancreas and the underlying cause determine the course of treatment for Type 3c diabetes (or surgical removal).
Individuals with the illness usually take synthetic insulin (in the form of injections or an insulin pump) and/or oral diabetes medications (such as metformin).
If the damage to your pancreas increases over time, your treatment requirements may also vary. For example, an oral drug might initially be an effective way to control your blood sugar. But if your pancreas starts to generate less and less insulin, you might eventually need it to keep your blood sugar levels within normal range.
Additional approaches to managing diabetes type 3c include:
Blood sugar monitoring: Keeping an eye on your blood sugar, or glucose, levels is a crucial step in determining how well your current treatment plan is working. It offers instructions on how to manage diabetes type 3c on a daily, and often even hourly, basis.
Diet: Since food has a significant impact on blood sugar levels, meal planning and selecting a balanced diet are essential components of diabetes control in general. Creating the ideal eating plan might be assisted by a qualified dietitian.
Exercise: Regular exercise is essential for all diabetics as part of their care since it reduces insulin resistance and increases insulin sensitivity.
Finding out that your pancreatic illness is what caused your diabetes might be depressing. Taking good care of Type 3c diabetes requires perseverance and consistency. You will eventually have a better understanding of how to manage the disease and become more in sync with your body, even though it will probably feel extremely overwhelming at first. Make sure you visit your medical team frequently. Collaboration is essential for the management of Type 3c diabetes and the underlying illness. You’ll want friends, family, and medical experts on your side. Never hesitate to contact them in case you require assistance.