Vertigo: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment


Dizziness and the illusion that you are spinning are symptoms of vertigo. It usually happens when there’s a problem with your inner ear. However, conditions like brain tumors and strokes can also cause it to develop. The many treatments include medication, surgery, and repositioning techniques.


Spinning dizziness is commonly accompanied by vertigo. One may have a spinning sensation around them in the room or surrounding area. It is incorrect to use the phrase to characterize a fear of heights, as this is what many individuals do.

Although looking down from a height might cause vertigo, this generally refers to any transient or continuous episodes of dizziness. This is caused by issues with the brain or inner ear. Instead of being a disease, vertigo is a sign of an underlying issue. It can result from a wide range of circumstances.


Dizziness is one of the most typical signs of vertigo and generally gets worse when you move your head. Patients usually describe it as a spinning feeling, as if the environment or everything around them is moving. Additional signs of dizziness include:

  • More sweating
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Your ears are humming or ringing.
  • Also, loss of hearing
  • Uncontrollably moving eyes
  • Loss of balance

Causes of Vertigo

Typical reasons include:

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)

Positional vertigo with benign paroxysmal blink (BPPV). This is the most frequent cause, which is characterized by a strong, fleeting sensation of spinning or movement. These episodes arise due to an abrupt change in head movement, such as an injury to the head.


Severe, persistent dizziness can arise due to a viral infection of the vestibular nerve. This is often known as vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis.

Meniere’s illness

Vertigo attacks can occur suddenly and remain for several hours when there is an excessive accumulation of fluid in the inner ear.


Vertigo that arises due to migraines can continue for hours or minutes.

Head or neck injury

After a severe head or neck injury, vertigo is frequently experienced, particularly if the vestibular system is affected.


In addition to other symptoms including dizziness, hearing loss, tinnitus, or ringing in the ears, several drugs can cause vertigo.


Depending on the underlying reason, the treatment methods may vary. Furthermore, vestibular rehabilitation treatment and drugs have been proven to be useful in improving symptoms.

Repositioning Maneuvers

The Epley maneuver, or canalith repositioning maneuver, is a procedure to treat BPPV symptoms. Certain head movements can aid in the removal of canalith crystals. These are tiny particles that may cause vertigo, from the inner ear canals.

During each therapy session, the patient holds four different postures for 30 to 60 seconds at a time, repeating each one as necessary. Moreover, throughout the session, a medical professional can assist you with each action.


Within the group of drugs known as antihistamines is meclizine. These are frequently prescribed to treat allergies. Meclizine works well and motion sickness. But for elderly people, it might cause disorientation or even forgetfulness.


Reduce vertigo symptoms using a variety of activities. They mainly include moving in place or holding specific poses to improve balance. The activities in vestibular rehabilitation treatment (VRT) are comparable to these.


Certain underlying disorders, such as brain tumors or head injuries, may require surgery in order to correct vertigo. Additionally, there are several natural remedies for this pain.

The Bottom Line

Numerous disorders, including infections, migraines, traumas, and other illnesses, can result in vertigo. It is best to treat the root cause of this issue in order to reduce discomfort and offer long-term relief. Various workouts, prescription drugs, and home cures are also available that could be helpful. It’s advisable to consult a doctor if you feel vertigo in order to identify the reason and develop a personalized treatment strategy.