Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers – Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment

Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

A set of disorders – viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) arises due to the viruses that harm your blood vessels. Also, these can result in significant bleeding. Mild symptoms like tiredness and body pains are also occasionally brought on by certain virus hemorrhagic fevers. Ebola, dengue, Marburg, and yellow fever are a few VHFs.

Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

Viruses that can cause uncontrollable bleeding are known as viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs). They can spread through a variety of pathways, including insect bites and coming into touch with bodily fluids from infected humans or animals. There is a wide variety in severity among these viruses. Many of these result in minor illnesses. However, each of them has the potential to harm your blood vessels and interfere with the process by which your blood clots, creating potentially fatal problems.


The specific ailment determines the symptoms. The symptoms that each individual experiences may also vary significantly. There may be an impact on different bodily organs. Typical signs consist of:

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Muscle pain
  • Loss of strength
  • Exhaustion

Individuals with severe conditions frequently have bleeding symptoms. This might originate from inside the body, under the skin, or from bodily openings like the mouth, eyes, or ears. Additionally, these persons can also have:

  • Shock
  • Seizures
  • Nervous system dysfunction
  • Coma
  • Delirium
  • Renal failure

The signs might resemble those of other medical conditions. Always seek the advice of a healthcare professional for a diagnosis.

Causes Of Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

By coming into touch with infected animals or insects, viral hemorrhagic fevers can be transmitted. A range of animal and insect hosts spreads these. The most prevalent hosts include mosquitoes, ticks, rodents, and bats. Also, some viral hemorrhagic fevers can spread from one individual to another.


Based on your symptoms and certain risk factors (such as your travel history), providers could think you have a VHF. Additionally, they will examine samples of your bodily fluids for viral traces. In order to collect samples and do testing, they might do:

  • Blood tests
  • Throat swab
  • Urinalysis
  • Lumbar puncture (spinal tap)


Viral hemorrhagic fevers are incurable. There are just a few varieties for which vaccines are available. Thus, the ideal strategy is prevention. The cornerstone of therapy is supportive care.


The majority of viral hemorrhagic fevers have no known cure. However, some infections may be treated more quickly with antiviral medication. Also, there is a possibility to avoid complications in some patients. The development of more drugs continues.


Care that offers support is crucial. You may require fluids to assist in maintaining your electrolyte balance. This is important for maintaining nerve and muscle function in order to prevent dehydration.

Various Surgical and Other Processes

Kidney dialysis may be beneficial to certain people. Because this eliminates wastes from your blood when your kidneys fail.

When to Consult a Doctor

Before visiting a developing nation, it is advisable to visit a doctor to make sure you have obtained all necessary vaccines and receive pre-travel health advice. If you experience symptoms after returning home, consult a physician with experience treating infectious illnesses or practicing international medicine. Moreover, inform your doctor about your travels.


In order to manage your symptoms and any consequences if you are really unwell, your healthcare professional will treat you in the hospital. To stop the illness from spreading, you might be kept apart from other people. Also, viral hemorrhagic fevers that are less severe can be treated. Although yellow fever, dengue, and Lassa sometimes have modest symptoms, their severe variants can be fatal. Others, like Ebola and Marburg, frequently result in death. Thus, your doctor will advise you on how to care for yourself and whether you need more medical help.