What are Birth Control Methods?
There are several different types of birth control methods available, each with its own benefits and drawbacks. Some of the most popular options include:
- Oral contraceptives (birth control pills): Should be in use daily and contain hormones that prevent ovulation. They are more than 91% effective when used correctly.
- Intrauterine devices (IUDs): These are small, T-shaped devices that fit into the uterus by a healthcare provider. They can last for several years and are more than 99% effective.
- Barrier methods: These include condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps. They physically block the sperm from reaching the egg. They are 85% to 98% effective with correct and consistent use.
- Injectable contraceptives: Injectable contraceptives are an option for women who want to avoid daily pill-taking. The interval of injection is every three months and works by preventing ovulation. They are more than 94% effective.
- Sterilization: This is a permanent method of birth control. Sterilization for men is by a vasectomy, for women sterilization is via tubal ligation or hysteroscopic sterilization.
It’s important to discuss all of the options with a healthcare provider to determine which method may be the best fit for your individual needs and lifestyle.
What type of birth control is right for me?
The type of birth control that is right for you depends on various factors such as your health, lifestyle, and personal preferences. Some important things to consider when choosing a birth control method include:
- Effectiveness: Different types of birth control have varying levels of effectiveness. Consider your priorities in terms of risk and the importance of preventing pregnancy.
- Hormonal vs non-hormonal: Hormonal methods, inclusive of the pill or an IUD, could have an effect on your mood, pores and skin, and menstrual cycle. Non-hormonal strategies, inclusive of condoms or diaphragms, no longer have those effects.
- Reversibility: Some methods, such as the IUD or sterilization, are permanent and cannot be reversed. Others, such as the pill, can be discontinued when you want to become pregnant.
- Convenience: Different methods have different levels of convenience. For example, the pill requires daily dosing, while an IUD lasts for several years.
What are the different types of birth control?
There are several different types of birth control available, including:
- Hormonal methods: These include birth control pills, patches, vaginal rings, injections, and hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs). These methods work by preventing ovulation and thickening cervical mucus to make it difficult for sperm to reach the egg.
- Barrier methods: These include condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and sponges. These methods work by physically blocking the sperm from reaching the egg.
- IUDs: These are small, T-shaped devices that fit into the uterus by a healthcare provider. Also, they can be hormonal or non-hormonal. They work by preventing fertilization and/or implantation.
- Sterilization: This is a permanent method of birth control. Sterilization for men is done by a vasectomy, for women it can be done by tubal ligation or hysteroscopic sterilization.
- Fertility awareness methods: These methods require tracking your menstrual cycle and identifying the fertile days. They include natural family planning, basal body temperature, and cervical mucus methods.
- Emergency Contraception: Emergency Contraception can be used as a backup method to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. It includes pills and a copper IUD.
Types of Permanent Birth Control or Sterilization:
Permanent birth control, also known as sterilization, is a form of contraception that is intended to be irreversible. The two main types of sterilization are:
- Vasectomy for men: This is a surgical procedure that involves cutting or blocking the vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra. This prevents the release of sperm during ejaculation.
- Tubal ligation for women: This is a surgical procedure that involves cutting, tying, or blocking the fallopian tubes. This prevents the egg from traveling from the ovaries to the uterus and also prevents fertilization.
- Hysteroscopic sterilization for women: This is a non-surgical procedure that involves placing a small device called a hysteroscopic sterilization device (HSD) into the fallopian tubes through the cervix. HSD causes scarring that blocks the fallopian tubes, preventing the egg from traveling to the uterus.
Short-acting hormonal methods:
Short-acting hormonal methods are forms of birth control that provide temporary contraception and require regular maintenance. The most common short-acting hormonal methods include:
- Birth control pills: Their employment involves oral ingestion on a daily basis and contains hormones that prevent ovulation. Come in different types, such as combination pills that contain both estrogen and progestin, or progestin-only pills.
- Vaginal ring: This is a flexible ring that fits into the vagina and releases hormones that prevent ovulation. Its renewal is in every 3 weeks.
- Birth control patch: This is a small adhesive patch that is applied to the skin and releases hormones that prevent ovulation. Its renewal time is every week.
- Injectable contraceptives: This method involves a visit every three months and works by preventing ovulation.
Barrier Methods of contracepting:
Barrier methods of contraception are physical barriers that prevent sperm from reaching the egg. The most common barrier methods include:
- Condoms: These are the most widely available and popular barrier methods of contraception. SO their use can prevent pregnancy and also protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There are different types of condoms, such as male condoms, female condoms, and dental dams.
- Diaphragms: These are shallow, flexible domes that fit into the vagina before intercourse. They cover the cervix and prevent sperm from entering the uterus. They have to employ spermicide.
- Cervical caps: These are small, cup-shaped barriers that fit over the cervix. They have to employ spermicide.
- Sponges: These are small, the disc-shaped device has to place into the vagina before intercourse. They contain spermicide and cover the cervix to prevent sperm from entering the uterus.